BRITANNIA VERSUS ROMA!!

Britannia has always hated Republican Roma, even though Roman Catholicism was the state religion of that country for centuries. Incredibly, they are trying to turn the clock back to the dark days before the Reformation.

In 1787, British author Edward Gibbon finished a massive tome entitled History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in 6 volumes. The book took over 10 years to write, and began at the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117138), and finished with Constantinople falling to the Terrible Turks in 1453.

Gibbon was a real skeptic as far as Christianity was concerned and he frequently referred to Roman Emperors as MONARCHS. The one word in the Latin vocabulary that was most HATED by the Romans was the word REX. The Emperor was called simply Princeps Civitatis, meaning "First Citizen," and the Empire was called a Principate or Commonwealth.

Gibbon blamed Christianity for the ruin of Roma, but he would not acknowledge that Jesus Constantine was his fellow Briton. Here is his account of the birth of Constantine:

The fame of Constantine has rendered posterity attentive to the most minute circumstances of his life and actions. The place of his birth, as well as the condition of his mother Helena, have been the subject not only of literary but of national disputes. Notwithstanding the recent tradition, which assigns for her father a British king, we are obliged to confess that Helena was the daughter of an innkeeper; but at the same time we may defend the legality of her marriage against those who have represented her as the concubine of Constantius. The great Constantine was most probably born at Naissus, in Dacia, and it is not surprising that, in a family and province distinguished only by the profession of arms, the youth should discover very little inclination to improve his mind by the acquisition of knowledge. He was about eighteen years of age when his father was promoted to the rank of Cæsar; but that fortunate event was attended with his mother’s divorce; and the splendour of an Imperial alliance reduced the son of Helena to a state of disgrace and humiliation. Instead of following Constantius in the West, he remained in the service of Diocletian, signalised his valour in the wars of Egypt and Persia, and gradually rose to the honourable station of a tribune of the first order. The figure of Constantine was tall and majestic; he was dexterous in all his exercises, intrepid in war, affable in peace; in his whole conduct the active spirit of youth was tempered by habitual prudence; and, while his mind was engrossed by ambition, he appeared cold and insensible to the allurements of pleasure. (Gibbon, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol. II, chapter XIV).

What a pity that Gibbon wasted over 10 years of his life writing falsehoods. There were no kings in Britannia as long as the Romans ruled that island. Additionally, Romans gave themselves 3 names: e.g. Gaius Julius Caesar, so it was very strange of Gibbon to use only one name for Constantine. That Constantine was a Briton was clearly proven during the investigation of the divorce of King Henry VIII:

Where by divers sundry old authentic histories and chronicles it is manifestly declared and expressed that this realm of England is (was) an empire, and so hath been accepted in the world, governed by one supreme head and king having the dignity and royal estate of the imperial crown of the same. (Act in Restraint of Appeals, 1533).

After a thorough investigation of the birth of Constantine, the scholars in Parliament told King Henry that since Constantine the Briton was the founder of the Papacy, there was no need to appeal to Roma for a divorce.

Probably no city in the world has as many ruins as Roma. Millions of tourists visit every year to gaze on the ruins of the past glory that was Roma.


Ruins of the Roman Forum.

 

The city of Roma is one vast outdoor museum of the glory of the Caesars that is now gone with the wind.

For centuries, the Forum was the center of Roma, and the scene of some of the greatest events in history.

Caesar was assassinated in the ruined Theatre of Pompey, and Marcus Antonius made his famous speech on the steps of the theatre.

 

Ruins of the Theatre of Pompey
where Caesar was assassinated.

Caesar was assassinated in the Theatre of Pompey, and Marcus Antonius gave his famous "Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears" speech on the very steps of the theatre.


Ruins of the Temple of
Castor and Pollux.
 

The Greek twins Castor and Pollux were substituted for Romulus and Remus when Roma became "respectable" at the time of the birth of the Republic.

The ruins of the Coliseum are the most conspicuous ruins in Roma.

 

The ruins of the Coliseum.

The aqueducts that brought water to the city of Roma were marvels of engineering. It is a good thing that the engineers did not have to allow for the curvature of the earth when they built the aqueducts. Aqua Claudia is named after Emperor Claudius who annexed Britannia to the Roman Empire. The Romans also founded the city of Londinium which became the capital of Britannia.


The ruins of the Aqua Claudia.
 

The aqueducts traversed mountains and valleys to bring water to Roma. One thing the engineers never allowed for was the curvature of the earth.

The Baths of Caracalla were actually begun by Emperor Septimus Severus.

 
Ruins of the gigantic Baths of Caracalla.

To visit the ruins of Roma is to go back in time 2000 years and marvel at the prominent place that the city played in the birth, death, and Resurrection of the Jewish Messiah.

The ruin of Roma began with Emperor Jesus Constantine!!

Gibbon was correct to blame Constantine for the ruin of Roma but he was in total error when he said that Constantine was the "first Christian Emperor." Septimus Severus was known as the "African Emperor" as he was a Carthaginian Canaanite.

Septimius Severus (145–211).
Septimus Severus (145–211).
Emperor from 193 to 211.
 

Eburacum (York) was the remotest outpost of the Roman Empire in Britannia.

It was inhabited by wild men named Brigantes, who gave their name to the island.

In early 208, Eburacum had very unexpected visitors: the mighty Roman Caesar, his wife Julia Domna, and 2 sons: Caracalla and Geta.

 

 
Caesar, his wife, and son Caracalla.
Caesar, Julia Domna,
and son Caracalla.

Emperor Septimus Severus was 63 at the time and his wife was 34. The Emperor was suffering from gout and had to be carried on a litter. Having the Emperor along would lend legitimacy to any baby born to his wife during their 3-year stay in Britannia.

Helena Augusta coin.
Helena Augusta
(250–330).
 

Before returning to Roma, Julia Domna gave birth to TWINS: a boy and a girl.

The Emperor believed that the twins were his, but in fact they were fathered by his son Caracalla.

As was the Egyptian custom, the twins married each other when they grew up.

 

 
Emperor Constantine 272 - 337).
Emperor Constantine (274–337).
Emperor from 306 to 337.

Those twins became the parents of Helena and the grandparents of Jesus Constantine.

That was how the Constantinean dynasty started in Britannia. It was far worse than the founding of Roma by Romulus and Remus.

Constantinople became the new capital of the Roman Empire.
The removal of the capital began when
Constantine conquered the East.
 

Emperor Constantine's removal of the capital from the imperial city left the bishop of Rome free to vault into the seat of the Caesars.

Occupation by the Papacy led to the ruin of Roma!!

 
Constantinople was surrounded on 3 sides by water.
Constantinople was surrounded
on 3 sides by water.

Even with the removal of the capital to Constantinople, it took the Papacy another 418 years before they could return Roma to the dark days of the 7 kings.

The Jewish Messiah Joshua was given a Latin name!!

Latin was such a powerful, majestic language but so many names and words ended with the letters "US" that it had to be replaced:

Jesus Julius Augustus Romulus Remus Marcus Patricius
Paulus Aurelius Cornelius Flavius
Antonius
Caratacus Brutus
Silvanus Lucius Ignatius Janus Magnus Octavius Demetrius
Spartacus Septimus Severus Fergus Nigellus Rubeus Arsenius
Filius Deus Orbus Optimus Omnibus Civicus Agnus
Deus Vadus Exodus Albus Gibbus Morbus Modicus
Maximus Orbus Igneus Nucleus Modus Ardus Caldus

"US" is a Latin suffix that forms nouns and adjectives in the nominative case and masculine gender. For instance, "Augustus" is the masculine noun derived from the verb "augeo" ("to increase/improve" or "to augment" )—thus, it may be creatively translated as "the man who improves."

Latin became the parent of Italian, Spanish, French and Portuguese. Additionally, a very large number of English words come from Latin. The British capital London was founded by the Romans as Londinium.


Vital links


References

Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford University Press, New York, 1994.

Gibbon, Edward, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Online Library of Liberty.


Copyright © 2017 by Patrick Scrivener


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