is the "Catholic"
Encyclopedia definition of Primacy:
supreme episcopal jurisdiction of the pope as pastor and governor
of the Universal Church.
of the Roman See
We have shown in the last section that Christ conferred upon St. Peter
the office of chief pastor, and that the permanence of that office
is essential to the very being of the Church. It must now be established
that it belongs of right to the Roman See. The proof will fall into
Everything in Rome
rests upon 3 assumptions:
made Saint Peter head of the "Church."
Peter was bishop of Rome for at least 25 years.
||The Popes are
the successors of Saint Peter.
Thus in Old Rome
we have St. Peter's Square and Basilica; with the chair of St. Peter
and statues of the Saint all over Vatican City.
Square and Basilica.
Keys of St.
of St. Peter in St. Peter's Basilica.
of St. Peter in Vatican City Square.
With all the statues
and paintings of St. Peter in Rome, it does seem convincing "proof"
that St. Peter was actually in Rome except for 1 little FACT—the
Greeks never heard a word about it.
heard of this Petrine Primacy at the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD.
Council of Chalcedon was the FOURTH Ecumenical Council held in Chalcedon
near Constantinople and attended by over 600 bishops.
is astonishing to learn that in the year 451—only 150 years from
the patristic period— nobody had heard of St. Peter's bishopric
in the city of Rome.
is more fantastic when we realize that most of the Christians lived
in the East where the Council was held. The Greeks preserved the New
Covenant , plus most of the practices of Apostolic Christianity
such as baptism by triune immersion and leavened bread in the Eucharist.
Joshua had made St. Peter head of the "church," surely the
bishops or the Pope would have known something about it.
Icon of the
Council of Chalcedon.
At the Council
of Chalcedon, Constantinople was declared the second most important
see after Rome.
was given first place only because it was the IMPERIAL
Pope Leo forgot
to remind the Council about St. Peter being in Rome and Apostolic
Pope from 440-461.
a strange oversight, Pope Leo I (the GREAT!!) forgot to remind the Council
that Rome had first place because Joshua gave the keys of the kingdom
to St. Peter, who was subsequently bishop of Rome for at least 25 years.
a rare display of humility, Leo completely forgot to tell the Council
that he was Pope by divine appointment, and not because Rome
was the Imperial city. Here is the text of Canon 28 of the Council of
in every detail all the decrees of the holy fathers and knowing about
the canon, just read, of the 150 bishops dearly beloved of God, gathered
together under Theodosius the Great, emperor of pious memory in the
imperial city of Constantinople, New Rome, we ourselves have also
decreed and voted the same things about the prerogatives of the very
holy Church of this same Constantinople, New Rome. The
fathers in fact have correctly attributed the prerogatives [which
belong] to the see of the most ancient Rome because it was the imperial
city. And thus moved by the same reasoning, the 150 bishops beloved
of God have accorded equal prerogatives to the very holy see of New
Rome, justly considering that the city that is honored by the imperial
power and the senate and enjoying [within the civil order] the prerogatives
equal to those of Rome, the most ancient imperial city, ought to be
as elevated as Old Rome in the affairs of the Church, being in the
second place after it. Consequently, the metropolitans and
they alone of the dioceses of Pontus, Asia and Thrace, as well as
the bishops among the barbarians of the aforementioned dioceses, are
to be ordained by the previously mentioned very holy see of the very
holy Church of Constantinople; that is, each metropolitan of the above-mentioned
dioceses is to ordain the bishops of the province along with his fellow
bishops of that province, as has been provided for in the divine canons.
As for the metropolitans of the previously mentioned dioceses, they
are to be ordained, as has already been said, by the archbishop of
Constantinople, after harmonious elections have taken place according
to custom and after the archbishop has been notified. (L'Huillier,
The Church of the Ancient Councils, pp. 267-268).
Petrine Primacy is a complete MYTH and later fabrication, otherwise
Pope Leo would have certainly mentioned it to the bishops who attended
the Council of Chalcedon.
decree of Roman Emperor Theodosius linked Rome with Saint Peter!!
Theodosius was the first to officially decree that only those who believed
in the myth of Saint Peter at Rome would now be considered Catholic
Theodosius I (347-395).
Emperor from 378 to 392.
Theodosius I was a roughneck Roman soldier from Spain.
Damasus I was also from Spain.
380, Theodosius issued an edict that everybody in the Empire
MUST believe that Pope Damasus was the successor of St.
Damasus I (305-384).
Pope from 366 to 384.
Very soon after
becoming Emperor, Theodosius issued a decree that everybody in the
Empire MUST believe that Pope Damasus was the successor of St. Peter:
January 19, 379, the emperor Gratian raised Theodosius to the rank
of emperor and gave him charge of the eastern half of the empire.
Theodosius was a general from Spain and a convinced partisan of
Nicene orthodoxy. He did not wait long to show his colors. On February
28, 380, Theodosius issued an edict saying that anyone who did not
follow the faith of Pope Damasus of Rome and Peter of Alexandria
was a heretic. (The Church of the Ancient Councils,
Here is a copy
of that edict :
is our desire that all the various nations which are subject to
our Clemency and Moderation, should continue in the profession
of that religion which was delivered to the Romans by the divine
Apostle Peter, as it hath been preserved by faithful tradition;
and which is now professed by the Pontiff Damasus and by Peter,
Bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic holiness. According to
the apostolic teaching and the doctrine of the Gospel, let us
believe the one deity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit,
in equal majesty and in a holy Trinity.
authorize the followers of this law to assume the title of Catholic
Christians; but as for the others, since, in our judgement, they
are foolish madmen, we decree that they shall be branded with
the ignominious name of heretics, and shall not presume: to give
to their conventicles the name of churches.
They will suffer in the first place the chastisement of the divine
condemnation, and in the second the punishment which our authority,
in accordance with the will of Heaven, shall decide to inflict.
Edictum de fide catholica).
It is a MIRACLE
indeed that the Lord would reveal the presence of St. Peter in Rome
to a Roman Emperor . . . and keep it a secret from the rest
of the Christians....It seems that Theodosius had the same secret insider
information as Emperor Constantine:
will, it may be, also detail to us those particulars of his favor
which are secret to us, but known to you alone, and treasured in your
royal memory as in secret storehouses.(Eusebius, Oration
to Constantine, XVIII).
and Constantinople share equal Primacy!!
Pope is a GREEK
word meaning FATHER....According to the Council of Chalcedon, these
2 men share equal authority and jurisdiction over their followers.
the first 4 Church Councils mention anything about St. Peter
to the Council of Chalcedon, these 2 men share equal jurisdiction
over their respective followers in the East and West.
Here is a quote
about the Patriarch of Constantinople from Wikipedia:
Patriarch of Constantinople is the Archbishop of Constantinople—New
Rome—ranking as primus inter pares (first among equals)
in the Eastern Orthodox communion, which is
seen by followers as the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.
He has been historically known as the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople,
as distinct from the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople. The current
holder of the office is Bartholomew I. His title is not recognized
by the Turkish government, who only recognize him as the spiritual
leader of the Greek minority in Turkey, and refer to him only as the
Greek (lit. Roman) Orthodox Patriarch of the Phanar (Turkish: Fener
Rum Ortodoks Patrigi).
Obviously the Turkish
Muslim government is just a secret adjunct to the Vatican....If the
Italian government treated the Papacy like the Turks treat the Patriarch
. . . all hell would break loose!!
headquarters of the See of Constantinople is now a MUSEUM!!
Just imagine if
Rome was invaded by a foreign army and they turned the Vatican into
a MUSEUM....That gives you some idea of what the Moslem Turks did to
the headquarters of the Patriarch of Constantinople.
Tuesday April 7, 2009, President Obama visited the basilica
of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom), now turned into a museum.
was the headquarters of the Patriarch of Constantinople
for 1000 years.
Obama admiring the church turned into a museum.
Old Rome used the
Moslems to conquer Constantinople because they would not acknowledge
that the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father . . . and the Son!!
Sourcebook, Council of Chalcedon, 451.
Church of the Ancient Councils.
Saint Vladimir's Seminary Press, Crestwood, New York, 1996.
© 2013 by Patrick Scrivener
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