The Life and Times of Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi (July 4, 1807 to June 2, 1888).

General Giuseppe Garibaldi is considered the Father of Modern Italy and undoubtedly the most admired man of the 19th century.

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1888).

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1888).

General Giuseppe Garibaldi was a real Italian HERO born on the 4th of July.

Garibaldi:"If it won't go on Sire, try a little powder." (as in gunpowder)!!

The right leg in the boot at last.

The right leg in the boot at last.

On the right can be seen a cartoon from the British magazine Punch, circa 1865. It shows Garibaldi helping King Victor Emmanuel II put his right leg in the boot.

In 1860, general Garibaldi landed in Sicily with his famous 1,000 volunteers determined to march on Rome and liberate the city. After winning a big battle on the Volturno River, he held plebiscites in Sicily and Naples, and then gave the whole of southern Italy to the Count of Cavour, proclaiming Victor Emmanuel king of a united nation. He returned to the island of Caprera, which then remained his permanent home.

Italy in 1859.

Italy in 1859.


Before Garibaldi began his triumphant march northward, Italy was divided by the Papal States.

The Papal States or "little horn" are in red.

The "little horn" was located between 2 seas. (Daniel 11:45).



Italy in 1861.

Italy in 1861.

The Papal States were located between 2 seas: Mediterranean and Adriatic, as predicted by the Prophet Daniel:

And he (Antichrist) shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him. (Daniel: 11:45).

For centuries, the unfortunate people of the Papal States were misruled directly by the Popes, whose jurisdiction extended from sea to sea!

In 1862, Garibaldi made an unsuccessful attempt to liberate Rome.

In 1867, he led another attempt to liberate Rome also without success. Garibaldi was like a caged lion on the island of Caprera and longed day and night to liberate his land from the roaring lion in the Vatican.

The last obstacle to the liberation of Rome was the greatly shrunken Papal States, also called the Patrimony of "St. Peter."

At the beginning of 1870, Pope Pius IX was feeling more and more secure. French bayonets were defending the last of his temporal domain, and Garibaldi was a prisoner on the island of Caprera. In July, Vatican Council I declared him INFALLIBLE.

Then, like lightning, disaster struck. France and Prussia went to war, and the French garrison had to be withdrawn. The Italians rushed into Rome, and the fall of the Papacy was complete.

Italy in 1871.

Italy in 1871.


General Garibaldi did not have the honor of leading the liberation of Rome on Sept. 20, 1870, as he was still a prisoner on Caprera.

That honor fell to general Raffaele Cadorna.

The 11th kingdom or "little horn" was now gone forever???


Liberating general Raffaele Cadorna.

Liberating general Raffaele Cadorna.

Vatican Council I had just declared Pope Pius IX INFALLIBLE. The Romans ignored the infallibility decree, as he was hurled from his lofty throne, and Rome finally became the capital of a united Italy in 1871.

The Fall of the Papal States was a GREAT fulfillment of Bible Prophecy!!

In the book of Daniel chapter 7, JEHOVAH showed Daniel the entire history of the Papacy right down to the end of time. The fourth beast Roman Empire would be divided into 2 legs, and 10 kingdoms or nations would emerge from the Western half.

From the middle of these 10 kingdoms an 11th kingdom or "little horn" would emerge. This 11th kingdom was the Papal States ruled by the dynasty of Popes.

 St. Paul refers to the Papal Dynasty as the Man of Sin, and St. John calls him the Antichrist.

This "little horn" would exercise dominion for 1260 years, would have a mouth speaking great things, would make war with the saints and wear them out, would change times and seasons etc., etc.  He would have eyes like the eyes of a man, and a look more pompous than his fellows. That is why the Vatican is called the See of Rome: 

And the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn (11th) which came up, before which three fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth which spoke pompous words, whose appearance was greater than his fellows. (Daniel 7:20).

The 3 nations that were uprooted to make way for the Papal States were the Vandals (533), Ostrogoths (545), and Lombards (755). These territories were originally under the jurisdiction of the Emperor at Constantinople whose exarch ruled from Ravenna.

Pope Stephen II (715-757).
Pope from 752 to 757


In 755, King Pepin formally handed over the territories of the exach of Ravenna to Pope Stephen II.

That was the official beginning of the Pope's temporal power.

If we add 1260 years to that date, it ends in 2015, and hopefully the end of the Papal dynasty for good!!



King Pepin (714-768).
King of the Franks from 752 to 768.

In 606 A.D., Emperor Phocas conferred upon the bishop of Rome the title: Universal Bishop. If we use the famous year for a day interpretation, which all the great Protestant expositors used, the 1260 years brings us down to 1866.

Many eminent Bible expositors such as Sir Isaac Newton, J. A. Wylie, Adam Clarke, Edward Elliott, John Dowling etc., etc., also commenced the 1260 years in 755.

As there were 2 milestones in the rise of the Papacy, the Holy Scriptures seem to predict 2 falls: one commencing 1260 years from 606, and the other commencing 1260 years from 755:

Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen (Revelation 18:2).

As 1866 approached, the "little horn" was about to lose his dominion. God had already prepared the soldier/patriot that He would use to fulfill this great prophecy. His name was Giuseppe Garibaldi, the humble son of a fisherman!!

Will the Papal States be resurrected??

As horrendous as the very idea is to contemplate, there might be a "resurrection" of the Papal States just before the end of time:

And he (Antichrist) shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him. (Daniel: 11:45).

Daniel Chapter 7 gives the entire history of the Papal States or "little horn" and the dominion of the "little horn" seems to extend once again from sea to sea . . . just before the end of time!

Since 1871, the Jesuits have been working frantically and tirelessly to restore the lost Papal domain. The Syllabus of Errors of Pope Pius IX condemned the idea that the Pope should not be a temporal monarch:

76. The abolition of the temporal power of which the Apostolic See is possessed would contribute in the greatest degree to the liberty and prosperity of the Church. —Allocutions "Quibus quantisque," April 20, 1849, "Si semper antea," May 20, 1850. (Condemned as error).

When we consider the vast military power of the Pentagon and NATO, and the fact that they are determined to push Russia out of the Mediterranean, the idea is not as incredulous as it might seem.

WWI was all about restoring the lost States . . . as was WWII . . . and the Cold War which never ended....True Christians should watch world events very carefully for any moves in that direction.

We can be sure of one thing that this "resurrection" will only be for a "little season" or a very, very short time until the Second Coming of Christ puts an end to the Papal nightmare for good.

Official chronology of the Father of Modern Italy



(July 4) Born at Nice or Nizza (at that time part of France), the son of Domenico Garibaldi, a fisherman and coastal trader. The Great Liberator of the old world was born on the 31 birthday of the United States and just 2 years before the Great Liberator of the New World, Abraham Lincoln in 1809. His birthplace Nice or Nizza was always part of Italy until it was ceded to the French in 1796.
Nice is once again joined to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.
Garibaldi lives as a sailor in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
He acquires his master's certificate as a merchant captain.
In touch with Mazzini's patriotic organization, Young Italy, and visits its headquarters at Marseilles.
As a naval rating in the Piedmontese navy, he takes part in a mutiny for the republican cause. Sentenced to death by default, after escaping to France.
Takes casual jobs in France and with the Bey of Tunis.
Sails for Rio de Janeiro from Marseilles in a 200 ton brigantine.

Anita Garibaldi

Anita Garibaldi

He meets his Brazilian born wife Anita who becomes his companion-in-arms and heroine of the Risorgimento. She was just as brave as Garibaldi often fighting side by side with her hero husband. She died during the retreat from Rome in '49.

As soldier, corsair, and naval captain, he fights for the break-away province of Rio Grande, in its attempt to free itself from the Brazilian Empire.
He tries his hand at various jobs-including cattle herdsman, trader, and schoolmaster at Montevideo.
Put in command of the small Orientale (Uruguayan) fleet against Manuel de Rosas, the dictator of Argentina.
Also becomes commander of the newly formed Italian Legion at Montevideo.
Wins the "battle" of St. Antonio, after which a sword of honor is subscribed for him in Italy. Lord John Russell is appointed Prime Minister in Great Britain.
Briefly in command of the defense of Montevideo. Offers his services to Pope Pius IX but is refused.
(April) Leads eighty of his legionaries back to Italy. (July) Vainly offers to fight for the king of Piedmont. (August) In command  of a volunteer unit at Milan against the Austrians, and survives two brisk engagements at Luino and Morrazzone.
(February) As an elected deputy in the Roman Assembly (after the flight of Pius IX), he proposes the creation of a Roman Republic. (April) As a general of brigade, he beats off an attack by the French at the St. Pancrazio gate of Rome. (May) Defeats a Neapolitan army at Velletri. (June) Takes a principal part in defending Rome against further French attacks. (July) Leads a few thousand men from Rome through central Italy to escape from French and Austrian armies. (August) After disbanding his men in San Marino, he is chased at sea and on land by the Austrians; his first wife, Anita, dies. (September) As soon as he arrives back in Piedmontese territory, he is arrested and deported as an undesirable.

Garibaldi is pursued by 100,000 of the Pope's soldiers. His beloved wife Anita, who is sick and pregnant, refuses to leave his side and she dies on the beach. The Pope had placed an enormous bounty on his head but not one Italian betrays him to the Papal Army.

Pope Pius IX (1846-1878).

Pope Pius IX (1846-1878).

Pope blesses the victorious French Army at the Vatican.

Pope blesses the victorious French Army at the Vatican.

Pope Pius IX was the longest reigning Pope in history and the great antagonist of Italian unity. During his reign the firing squads and the scaffolds were kept busy day and night. He urged the Austrians to set up the guillotine and he would not allow railroads to be built in the Papal States!

Lives for seven months in Tangiers, where he writes the first edition of his memoirs.

Ticker tape parade on Broadway.

Garibaldi was offered a ticker tape parade up the "canyon of heroes" in New York City. The Jesuits stirred up the Irish Catholics against him and in order to keep the peace he refused the offer. Of all the many world famous personalities to have been offered this singular honor, Garibaldi remains the only person to date to have refused it!!

Garibaldi stayed at this house on Staten Island, New York. It was the home of inventor Antonio Meucci who is said to have invented the telephone before Alexander Graham Bell!!

Garibaldi Monument in New York City.

Garibaldi statue in Washington Sq. Park, downtown New York City. Make it destination #1 when you visit the Big Apple.

Travels to Peru.
As a "citizen of Peru," he captains a clipper to the far east, returning to Lima via Australia and New Zealand.
Returns by way of New York, carrying a cargo of coal from Newcastle (England) to Genoa.
Engaged to an English lady, Mrs. Emma Roberts. Buys part of the Island of Caprera, north of Sardinia.
Comes to England on a scheme (largely financed by individual British politicians and British secret service funds) to buy a ship and lead an expedition to release political prisoners in Naples; but the ship is wrecked.
Goes to Turin to meet Count Cavour, the Piedmontese Prime Minister, who wants him to organize a corps of volunteers, in anticipation of another war against Austria.
(April) As a general in the Piedmontese army, he forms this corps, the Cacciatori delle Alpi, and war begins. (May) Takes Varese and Como, while the main Franco-Piedmontese forces are fighting in the plain of Lombardy. (September) After the armistice of Villafranco, Baron Ricosok gives him command of the army of Tuscany. (November) When his project to march into the Papal States is overruled, he returns to civil life.
(April) As deputy for Nice in the Piedmontese parliament  at Turin, he attacks Cavour for ceding Nice to Louis Napoleon, Emperor of the French. (May) He sets out with a thousand volunteers on a piratical raid against the forces of the Neapolitan Bourbons. After an engagement at Calatafimi, he captures Palermo, the capital of Sicily. (July) He wins the battle of Milazzo, near Messina. (August) Crosses the Straits of Messina, eluding the sizable Neapolitan navy. (September) After a lightning campaign in Calabria, he captures Naples, the largest town in Italy, and makes himself "Dictator of the Two Sicilies." (October) After a big battle on the Volturno River, he holds plebiscites in Sicily and Naples, and then gives the whole of southern Italy to Cavour, proclaiming Victor Emanuel as King of a united nation. (November) He returns to Caprera, which now remains permanently his home.
(April) He attacks Cavour in parliament over the latter's ungenerous treatment of the volunteers. (July) President Lincoln offers him a command in the American Civil War, but has to withdraw the offer after a storm of protest from the Vatican.
(July) He begins agitating in Sicily for another march on Rome, evidently with some encouragement from the King and Rattazzi, the Prime Minister. (August) Seriously wounded in a clash with Italian troops at Aspromonte, in Calabria. (October) After being imprisoned, he is granted an amnesty by the King.
Resigns from parliament because of martial law being applied in Sicily.

Triumphal reception in England.

Garibaldi welcomed in London.

A reception given by the Duchess of Sutherland at Stafford House.

The whole country shut down for 3 days when Garibaldi visited London in 1864. High and low received him except Queen Victoria and the royal family. Thousands of children lined the streets and they all chanted this little ditty:

We'll get a rope,

And hang the Pope:

So up with Garibaldi!

Leads another volunteer army in a new war against Austria, after which Venice is joined to Italy.
Again attempts a march on Rome, but is beaten by papal and French forces at Mentana, and once again is arrested by the Italian government.
Joins republican France in the Franco-Prussian war, and is made commander of an army in the Vosges....This is one of the most important years in history. After 1260 years, Rome ceases to be governed by the Popes and becomes the Capital of the new united Italy. Pius IX declares himself infallible in the same year!!

Map of Italy after the fall of the Papal States.

The Fourth Beast Papal Rome receives a deadly wound from the sword of Garibaldi.

Comes to Rome in an attempt to organize the parliamentary opposition against Depretis, the Prime Minister. The Court of Appeal annuls his twenty-year-old marriage to the Marchesina Raimondi, so that he can marry a third wife, Francesca Armosino, by whom he already has several children.

Garibaldi in his golden years.

(June 2) Dies and goes to his eternal reward in Heaven.

Vatican City State.

Vatican City State.

Thanks to Benito Mussolini, the beast that was slain came to life again. From that time onwards most of the nations of the world started to recognize the Vatican and send Ambassadors to its headquarters including the U.S. in 1984:

". . . which had the wound by a sword . . . whose deadly wound was healed . . . And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" (Rev. chapter 13).

Editor's Notes

The recent best-selling book: Hitler's Pope: the Secret History of Pius XII, by John Cornwell says that the main goal of the Vatican since 1870 was to get back the Papal States. The German Kaiser had a secret agreement with Rome that in the event of a German victory in WW I, he would give back the land which they claimed was stolen by the Republicans.

Adolf Hitler, an Austrian, promised them the same deal if he was victorious. German troops invaded Italy in 1943 —the first foreign soldiers since 1870— and had Hitler been victorious he would have handed back the Papal States. The Italians fought on Hitler's side but the Pope planned to double-cross them and divide up the country once again!!

It is amazing that this great hero's life was never filmed by Hollywood....It is not strange at all when we realize that Hollywood has always been run by the greatest enemies of Italian unity, the Jesuits.

Vatican City State must be abolished....It is a dagger aimed at the heart of Italy. There are 2 ambassadors from Rome to the United States: One is the official ambassador that represents the Italian Republic and the other is the Papal Nuncio. A house divided against itself cannot stand.

Garibaldi would never have consented to its creation in 1929 by Fascist Mussolini. We know that Pope and Pentagon are working together to divide Italy once again and turn the clock back to the Dark Ages. Feeble men are still fighting against the Almighty and trying to negate His Word!


Italian National Anthem

Garibaldi History site at the University of South Carolina.

Garibaldi's Letter to President Lincoln Updated 12-12-99.

Papal States

Nuns are not "twisted sisters" Vatican tells Italians: Special report from the BBC


Burton, Jean, Garabaldi: Knight of Liberty, 1945.

Campanella, Anthony P. Garibaldi's Memoirs, South Carolina, 1981.

Davenport, Marcia, Garibaldi: Father of Modern Italy, New York, 1957.

Garibaldi: Great Lives Observed, by Dennis Mack Smith, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1969.

Trevelyan, George Macaulay, Garibaldi & the Making of Italy, New York, 1911.

Parris, John The Lion of Caprera: A biography of Giuseppe Garibaldi, London, 1962.

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