The story of the Maximilian adventure in Mexico is one of the greatest conspiracies against the liberties of the people in the entire history of the world . . . and it is told here for the very FIRST time...Here is a brief synopsis of the story:
Just before the U.S. Civil War, an imperialist puppet named Benito Juárez was elected President of Mexico. He declared a moratorium on Mexico's foreign debt, and as a result, Great Britain, Spain, and France invaded Mexico in order to collect the debt. Great Britain and Spain soon withdrew, but the French army installed an Austrian archduke as emperor. Matías Romero—the Juárist agent in Washington City— was constantly urging President Lincoln to intervene in Mexico... U.S. intervention would have meant military help to the Confederates from France, Great Britain, Spain . . . and Mexico...Thank God that President Lincoln refused to take the bait, and thereby saved the Union and the entire New World from slavery, despotism and Romanism.
During the French intervention, vast quantities of silver (real money) from the mines in Sonora was shipped to the Papal States. This money was used to pay for another French army of occupation which was propping up the Pope's temporal power at the point of their bayonets....The collapse of the Mexican empire caused this cash cow to dry up with disastrous financial and military consequences for the Vatican!!
Carlota was pregnant by a Belgium army officer, and that is the real reason why she left Mexico to seek "help" for the French army of occupation.
Before becoming Emperor of Mexico, Maximilian was an archduke of Austria and a scion of the House of Habsburg. His brother was the famous or infamous Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria. His wife was the former Princess Charlotte, daughter of King Leopold I of Belgium. Of course all the royal families of Europe were interrelated and Leopold was the uncle of Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.
Their story is one of the greatest tragedies of all time. Carlota went INSANE after returning to Europe in 1866 in a vain effort to get Napoleon III and Pope Pius IX to help her husband keep his throne. Maximilian was shot by a Mexican firing squad in 1867.
Carlota was the dominant personality in the marriage and had to persuade her vacillating husband to take the throne of Mexico.
Carlota was also very close friends with another very dominant personality. Her Spanish name was Doña María de Palafox y Portocarrero but the world knows her best as Eugénie, Empress of the French.
Eugénie and Napoleon III
Napoleon III and Eugénie were part of a vast scheme to install Maximilian of Austria on the throne of Mexico.
Empress Eugénie was the daughter of a grandee from Granada, Spain. She became Empress of the French when she married Napoleon III in 1853. She was also the dominant personality in the marriage and the power behind the throne. A real tool of the Jesuits, she was determined to destroy the United States in order to fulfill the Bull of Pope Alexander VI.
The growth of the United States into a great continental power greatly alarmed her. She persuaded her husband to enter into an alliance with Great Britain and both countries attacked Russia. The war was called the Crimean War and was a prelude to the Civil War.
She entered into a correspondence with Carlota, and urged her to persuade her husband to take the Crown of Mexico after the French had subdued the country. Spain had used Great Britain to evict the French from the New World in 1763, and now she was urging the French to help her fulfill the Bull of Pope Alexander VI. Such is the duplicity of the Jesuits.
France, Great Britain and Spain invaded Mexico in 1862.
Just as the Civil War was beginning in the U.S., a mine was planted under the country. It consisted of the combined fleet of France, Great Britain and Spain.
The pretext or excuse for the invasion was debt repayment. The Mexican Congress had suspended interest payment on its loans, and the 3 "allies" were determined to seize the customs house at Veracruz to guarantee repayment:
Many of the soldiers of the combined fleet were dying from YELLOW FEVER due to the unsanitary conditions at the port of Veracruz:
The British and Spanish had the good sense to WITHDRAW and that left the field wide open to the French:
The Battle of Puebla was fought on May 5th, 1862.
The Battle of Puebla on the 5th of May–Cinco de Mayo
In 1862, Benito Juárez was President of Mexico. He was the man that sent Matías Romero to Washington to urge President Lincoln to intervene in Mexico.
Benito Juárez was unique in that he was the FIRST New World native to become president of Mexico.
The Spanish conquerors kept the native peoples under their iron heel and only Spanish born, or their descendants were allowed to rule Mexico. Benito was ambitious and intelligent, but the only avenue of advancement for him lay in attending Jesuit schools.
From 1821 to 1827 he studied for the priesthood at the Jesuit Holy Cross Seminary in Oaxaca.
He never actually became a Jesuit priest, but as a lay Jesuit in the top position in the government, he was more useful to them than an army of priests!!
When President Juárez heard that the French intended to march on Mexico City, he dispatched a brilliant young general named Ignacio Zaragoza to stop them. General Zaragoza fortified the town of Puebla with about 4,000 men and on May 5th, a famous battle took place in which the French were defeated.
On May 5, 1862, the Mexican army with 4,000 men under general Zaragoza faced a French army of 6,000 men commanded by general Charles Ferdinand de Lorencez.
General Charles Ferdinand Latrille de Lorencez was supremely confident of victory and held great contempt for the Mexican people. He believed that he could control the entire country with his army of 6,000 men.
What led up to the battle was a misunderstanding, fired by infuriation, of the French forces’ agreement to withdraw to the coast before resuming hostilities. The French left some of their sicker men in the highlands. When the Mexican people saw these men walking around with rifles, they took it that hostilities were rekindling. There were not supposed to be any able-bodied men left behind. Add to that the fact that negotiations for the withdrawal were breaking down.
The battle was a great victory for the Mexicans under general Zaragoza with the French suffering almost 500 men killed or wounded.
Victorious Mexican general was poisoned!!
After the battle, general Zaragoza was the hero of the Liberals but the people who wanted the French in Mexico in order to intervene in the U.S. Civil War were appalled at his great victory and they arranged a timely demise!!
According to official accounts, general Zaragoza died from TYPHOID FEVER on Sept 8, 1862, at the young age of 33. This brilliant general died from the WRONG disease. Mexican soldiers suffered from YELLOW FEVER not TYPHOID FEVER.
After their defeat at Puebla, the French decided to wait for reinforcements before continuing their march on Mexico City. General Zaragoza was very anxious to attack them at once . . . but President Juárez completely REJECTED his advice:
President Juárez ordered his troops to evacuate Mexico City just before the arrival of the French.
President Juárez abandoned Mexico City to the French army without a fight!!
President Juárez gave the French almost 10 months to send reinforcements. When they did arrive, the French had a formidable army under general Forey but it never numbered more than 30,000 soldiers in a country of 8 million people:
The French ranks also included 8,000 soldiers from the Foreign Legion which won everlasting renown at the Battle of Camarón by refusing to surrender. President Juárez abandoned his capital without even the semblance of a fight:
Maximilian was hesitant to become Emperor of Mexico without an assurance that the Mexican people really wanted him as their Emperor. One of the first things that the French army of occupation did was to collect SIGNATURES ON PETITIONS signed by Mexicans requesting Maximilian to come and rule over them:
Thanks to 3 centuries of Romanism, most of the Mexican peons couldn't even READ or WRITE. This pretended plebiscite with the signature petitions collected at the point of French bayonets was a complete farce!!
Maximilian and Carlota entered Mexico City on June 12, 1864.
After formally receiving the Crown of Mexico at his castle in Trieste, Italy. Maximilian and Carlota set sail for Rome to receive the "blessing" of Pope Pius IX before departing for Mexico. They reached Veracruz on May 27, 1864, and on June 12 they finally entered Mexico City.
After 7 years of marriage, the hapless couple were unable to produce the all important male heir in order to perpetuate their dynasty. Rumors were flying that it was the Emperor who was sterile . . . and not the Empress:
The only way Carlota could tell if she was barren or not was to have an affair with another man. At that time, for a king or emperor to have illegitimate children was considered OK, but for his wife it was considered an unpardonable sin. Her quick flight to Europe in 1866 to obtain military help for her husband might have concealed an ulterior motive.
Only the U.S. victory in the Civil War caused the French to withdraw from Mexico!!
Only the U.S. victory in the Civil War ended the dream of a French empire in Mexico and the reestablishment of monarchy in the New World. Matías Romero–the Juárist agent in Washington City–was constantly urging President Lincoln to declare war on France in order to rid them of the French invaders. Nothing would have suited the French army better than to have joined the Confederates in a war against the Union. Thank our great JEHOVAH that President Lincoln remained strictly NEUTRAL and REFUSED to be pressured into a war with France . . . and the subsequent destruction of the Union!!
When the Civil War was over, President Johnson and Secretary of State William Seward strictly adhered to President Lincoln's policy of no military interference in Mexico. In 1867, General Grant ordered general Sheridan to the U.S.-Mexican border with 42,000 veterans of the Civil War and that show of force was enough to cause Napoleon III to end the Mexican invasion:
Benito Juarez showed no mercy to Maximilian and he was shot by a firing squad.
Emperor Maximilian was shot by a firing squad!!
After his wife's abortive attempt to obtain aid from Napoleon and the Pope, Emperor Maximilian was captured by the forces of Benito Juárez on May 15, 1867. Following a court-martial, he was sentenced to death. Many of the crowned heads of Europe and other prominent figures (including the eminent Liberals Victor Hugo and Giuseppe Garibaldi) sent telegrams and letters to Mexico pleading for Maximilian's life to be spared, but Juárez refused to commute the sentence, believing that it was necessary to send a message that Mexico would not tolerate any government imposed by foreign powers!!
Up to the last moment, Emperor Maximilian expected to be banished back to Austria. That was not to be however as Mexican justice was harsh and unbending and Benito Juárez reasoned that Mexico would look WEAK in the eyes of the Europeans if he let Maximilian go free!!
President Lincoln never lusted for the blood of his bitterest enemies when they were defeated. He simply advised general Grant to "let them down easy."
The tragic end of Napoleon III, Carlota and Eugénie.
At the end of the Mexico debacle, Napoleon III declared war on Prussia. That war led to another defeat and the downfall of the Papal States on Sept. 20, 1870. After the war, France declared the Third Republic and Napoleon fled to England where he planned a comeback like his uncle, Napoleon I. He died mysteriously on the operating table in 1873.
Empress Carlota went "insane" after returning to Europe from Mexico. She died in Belgium in 1927, at the age of 87, and is buried in that country. She spoke at least 4 languages fluently, but she was not allowed to write about her pregnancy and flight from Mexico.
The cold, calculating Empress Eugénie died at the age of 94, in 1920, and is buried next to her husband and son at St. Michael's abbey in Farnsborough, Hampshire, England.
At the end of the Civil War, rebel president Jefferson Davis intended to join up with rebel general Edmund Kirby-Smith, and renew the war from Mexico with the help of Emperor Maximilian. Thank God that Davis was captured before he could reach Mexico and Maximilian. Unlike Maximilian, Davis wasn't shot or hanged for treason and after serving a prison sentence of only 2 years he was released!!
Emperor Maximilian was sterile from syphilis, so Carlota found out that she was not barren when she had an affair with a Belgium officer named colonel Alfred Van der Smissen. She subsequently gave birth to a boy, who was later infamous as French general Maxime Weygand, who surrendered France to the Nazis in 1940.
Barker Nancy Nichols. Distaff Diplomacy. The Empress Eugenie and the Foreign Policy of the Second Empire. University of Texas Press, Austin & London, 1967.
Bresler, Fenton. Napoleon III. A Life. Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., New York, 1999.
Coffey, David. Soldier Princess: The Life & Legend of Agnes Salm-Salm in North America, 1861-1867. Texas A& M University, 2002.
Duff, David. Eugénie and Napoleon III. William Morrow & Co., New York, 1978.
Haslip, Joan. The Crown of Mexico. Maximilian and His Empress Carlota. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1971.
Hanna, Alfred Jackson & Hanna, Kathryn Abbey. Napoleon III and Mexico. American Triumph over Monarchy. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1971.
Harding, Bertita. Phantom Crown: The Story of Maximilian & Carlota of Mexico. Ediciones Toltecs, S. A. Mexico. This book was the source for a GREAT 1939 Hollywood movie entitled Juárez starring Bette Davis as Empress Carlota and Paul Muni as Juárez.
O' Connor, Richard. The Cactus Throne. The Tragedy of Maximilian and Carlota. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1971.
Ridley, Jasper. Maximilian and Juárez. Ticknor & Fields, New York, 1992.
Rolle, Andrew. The Lost Cause. The Confederate Exodus to Mexico. University of Oklahoma Press, 1965.
Smith, Gene. Maximilian and Carlota. A Tale of Romance and Tragedy. William Morrow & Co., Inc., New York, 1973.
Stevenson, Sara Yorke. Maximilian in Mexico. A Woman's Reminiscences of the French Intervention, 1862-1867. The Century Co., New York, 1899.
Wepman, Dennis. Benito Juárez. Chelsea House Publishers, New York, 1986.
Copyright © 2013 by Patrick Scrivener