WHEN PORTUGUESE COLUMBUS LANDED IN CUBA, HE CALLED THE NATIVES "INDIANS,"
BECAUSE POPE CALIXTUS III DONATED INDIA TO PORTUGAL IN 1456.

Here is a quote on the donation of India to Portugal:

King Alfonso V was concerned that Spanish ships might sail past the region of current Portuguese activity in Africa and claim land further south along the coast. He appealed to the pope again the following year, and on March 13, 1456, the new pope, Calixtus III, issued a bull clarifying Portugal's right of exclusivity as extending "as far as and through all Guinea, and past that southern shore all the way to the Indies." (Bown, 1494: How A Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half, p.74).

The great confusion about the real nationality of "Christopher Columbus" grew out of the intense rivalry between Spain and Portugal. A Spanish Pope—the infamous Alexander Borgia—donated the New World to Spain, and his grandson, Francis Borgia, was the real founder of the Jesuits.

The man that the world calls "Christopher Columbus" was born in the little village of Cuba, in south-central Portugal, around 1436. His real name was Salvador Fernandes Zarco.

The village of Cuba, birthplace of
The village of Cuba, Portugal, birthplace
of "Christopher Columbus."
 

It is easy to be a great "Discoverer" if you are following a map.

"Columbus" had 2 maps to help him discover the New World: the Alonso Sanchez map and the Admiral Piri Reis map.

 
A close-up of the Columbus statue in Cuba.
A close-up of the Columbus
statue in Cuba, Portugal.

No authentic portrait of the man called Christopher Columbus exists. Even his many statues located throughout the world all have different faces. Most people like to see new faces but plastic surgery was not available back then.

Portuguese Zarco/Columbus (c.1436 - 1506).
Portuguese Zarco/Columbus
(c.1436–1506).
 

The portrait on the left, from the Madrid National Library, is probably the closest likeness to the man named "Christopher Columbus."

His real name was Salvador Fernandez Zarco and he was married to a Portuguese lady named Doña Felipa Perestrelo.

The Genovese "Christopher Columbus" legend was born out of the fierce maritime rivalry between Spain and Portugal and the fact that John Cabot was born in Genoa.

 
Another portrait of Columbus.
Another portrait of Columbus.

All the statues of Columbus are as phony as the so-called "Discoverer" himself.

Columbus statue, Columbus Circle, NYC.
Columbus statue, Columbus Circle, NYC.
 

Except for 2 faced people, most people have only one face throughout their lifetime.

A young "Columbus," an old "Columbus, a stern "Columbus," a smiling "Columbus," the "Discoverer" had more faces than the moon.

 
Columbus statue, Union Square, Washington City.
Columbus statue, Union Square, Washington City.

In 1478, Salvador Fernandez Zarco married a daughter of Bartolomeu Perestrelo named Doña Felipa Perestrelo, and they lived on the island of Madeira.

Madeira Islands, the birthplace of Zarco/Columbus.
Madeira Islands where Salvador
and Doña lived.
 

The 2 islands known as the Madeiras were discovered in 1419 by João Gonçalves Zarco, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and Bartolomeu Perestrelo.

In 1478, a hurricane blew a Spanish captain named Alonso Sanchez across the ocean to the Dominican Republic.

On the return voyage, Sanchez died in the house of Salvador Fernandez Zarco.

 
Statue of João Gonçalves Zarco on the island of Madeira.
Statue of João Gonçalves Zarco
on the island of Madeira.

The discoverers were actually blown by a storm from Portugal to the Madeiras so the two islands of Porto Santo and Madeira were claimed for Portugal. They began to colonize the two islands with people from Portugal.

5 Spanish sailors died in the house of Zarco/Columbus

In 1486, 5 shipwrecked Spanish sailors died in the house of Zarco/Columbus after returning from a voyage to the West Indies!!Up to this time, all we really know about Zarco/Columbus was that he was married and living on the island of Madeira. Here is a quote from the Royal Commentaries of the Incas by Garcilaso de la Vega, el Inca:

...And because of the delay they ran out of water and supplies. For this reason and because of the great privations they had suffered on both journeys, they began to sicken and die, and of seventeen men who left Spain, no more than five reached Terceira, among them the pilot Alonso Sanchez de Huelva. They stayed at the house of the famous Genoese Christopher Columbus, because they knew he was a great pilot and cosmographer and made seamen's charts. He received them kindly and entertained them lavishly so as to learn the things that had happened on the long and strange voyage they said they had undergone. But they arrived so enfeebled by hardships that Christopher Columbus could not restore them to health despite his attentions, and they all died in his house, leaving him the heir to the hardships that had caused their death. (Royal Commentaries of the Incas, vol. 1, pp. 12-14).

Miraculously, the Genoese wool-comber Columbus is now a pilot and navigator and living on the island of Madeira.

Zarco/Columbus goes to the king of Portugal

With the dead pilot's maps and charts in his possession, Columbus went to King John II of Portugal and gave him a long list of demands as his price for "discovering" new islands. The king refused his offer and sent his own expedition using the dead pilot's maps and charts. The expedition turned back empty handed because Zarco, like Magellan, made some changes to the maps . . . just in case someone should steal his discovery!!

King John II (1455-1495).
King John II (1455–1495).
King from 1481 to 1495.
 

Zarco/Columbus went to King John with a long list of demands as the price for discovering new lands.

The king secretly sent his own crew but found nothing because Zarco altered the latitude and longitude on the maps.

 
Eleanor of Viseu, wife of King John II.
Eleanor of Viseu,
wife of King John II.

When they returned, Zarco/Columbus was furious and decided to get revenge by offering his services to Portugal's bitter rival, Spain.

Zarco/Columbus in Spain

In 1487, Columbus arrived in Spain and stayed at the Franciscan monastery of Santa María de la Rábida near Palos. He made several attempts to contact Ferdinand and Isabella with his great "discovery" but they were too busy fighting the Moors in Granada.

Franciscan monastery Santa María de la Rábida. Columbus's headquarters before his great voyage of discovery.Franciscan monastery Santa
María de la Rábida.
 

Zarco arrived in Spain in 1487 and he changed his name to Christopher Columbus from Genoa, Italy.

Cabot's maps were already available in Spain.

 
The Moors surrendered Granada to Spain in January, 1492.
The Moors surrendered Granada to
Spain in January, 1492.

Zarco stayed at the Santa María de la Rábida monastery until Ferdinand and Isabella were ready to receive him in 1492.

Doubtless he shared his maps with the Franciscan monks.

Miraculously, the 700 year old war with the Moors ended in January 1492, and the Spanish army was suddenly unemployed.

After receiving minute details of the voyages of John Cabot, the Latin sovereigns decided to give Columbus all the titles and money that he demanded.

Columbus had the dead pilot's maps and the maps of John Cabot to guide him.

Using the maps of the dead pilot and Cabot to guide him; he sets sail on August 3, 1492, with 3 ships: the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa María. Martin Pinzón, captain of the Niña, was first to land on Santo Domingo!!

Zarco/Columbus knew EXACTLY where he was going!!

Like Magellan, Columbus knew exactly the route to take on his voyage of discovery!!

 
 
The route of the first voyage of discovery. Columbus knew how to take the guesswork out of sailing the broad ocean.
The route of the first voyage of discovery. Columbus knew how to take the guesswork out of sailing the broad ocean.

 
 

For any voyage of "discovery", a map showing longitude and latitude takes the guesswork out of discovering new lands.

The Bull of Borgia was aimed at the Portuguese . . . and English!!

Without an understanding of the bitter rivalry between Spain and Portugal it is impossible to completely understand the Columbus saga. Just as Columbus was about to sail, the Spanish engineered a coup d'état at the Vatican and Spanish Pope Alexander VI was "elected" Pope. Here is an excerpt from the infamous Bull of Borgia giving the entire New World exclusively to Spain:

Furthermore, under penalty of excommunication late sententie to be incurred ipso facto, should anyone thus contravene, we strictly forbid all persons of whatsoever rank, even imperial and royal, or of whatsoever estate, degree, order, or condition, to dare, without your special permit or that of your aforesaid heirs and successors, to go for the purpose of trade or any other reason to the islands or mainlands, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, towards the west and south, by drawing and establishing a line from the Arctic pole to the Antarctic pole.... Let no one, therefore, infringe, or with rash boldness contravene, this our recommendation, exhortation, requisition, gift, grant, assignment, constitution, deputation, decree, mandate, prohibition, and will. Should anyone presume to attempt this, be it known to him that he will incur the wrath of Almighty God and of the blessed apostles Peter and Paul.
Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, in the year of the incarnation of our Lord one thousand four hundred and ninety-three, the fourth of May, and the first year of our pontificate. (Papal Bull granting the New World to Spain, May 4, 1493).

All the land south of the Pyrenees was called Spania in the New Testament and was evangelized by the Apostle Paul before his beheading at Rome.

Portugal did not exist before 1139

The first king of what we know today as Portugal was Alphonse I. More countries mean more wars so the Vatican created Portugal out of the chaos of the Visigothic, Viking, and Moorish invasions, and during the darkest hours of the Dark Ages.

Portugal was a rogue state created by the Vatican in 1139.
Portugal was a created by the
Vatican in 1139.
 

Portugal was created in 1139 and the first king was Alphonse I.

More countries mean more wars so a bitter rivalry developed between Spain and Portugal.

 
King Alphonse I (1109-1185).
King Alphonse I (1109–1185).
King from 1139 to 1185.

The Portuguese were pioneers in the modern slave movement. They raided the coast of Africa and the Muslims supplied them with slaves from the interior.....These slaves were brought back to Portugal and then sold to the Europeans.

They were the first to obtain Papal approval of their conquests and piracy.

In 1455, Pope Nicholas V published a Bull entitled Romanus Pontifex in which he gave Portugal the exclusive right to conquer and enslave ALL non-Roman Catholics.

This Bull was the forerunner of the deadly Bull of Pope Alexander VI which gave exclusive right to Spain to conquer and enslave the New World natives.

Papal England saved Portugal from extinction!!

The Dark Age pirate/terrorists known as Vikings raided the Atlantic coast of Spain for centuries and Rome was able to establish a beachhead there. The Vikings also established a beachhead in France called Normandy and from there they invaded England . . . and later Ireland!!

After gaining control of the entire country, the Vatican broke up Spain into DIOCESES and then merged 4 of those DIOCESES to create a country called Portugal. Many times the kings of Spain tried to expunge the cancerous growth called Portugal. Portugal was saved from extinction by a military alliance with Roman England.

The Latin Church archbishop of the DIOCESES of Braga arranged for a marriage between the king of Portugal and Philippa, daughter of the English John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.

King John I of Portugal.
King John I of Portugal.
King from 1139 to 1185.
 

England saved Portugal from extinction in 1373.

A marriage alliance was arranged between England and Portugal when Philippa of Lancaster (sister of King Henry IV) married King John.

 
Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal.
Philippa of Lancaster,
queen of Portugal
.

In 1373, Portugal was almost at the point of extinction by Spain when the archbishop of Braga arranged for an English army to come to the aid of Portugal.

In 1376, the two countries signed a peace treaty (Treaty of Windsor) and Philippa, daughter of the Duke of Lancaster, married the king of Portugal

Thus was created a military alliance between Portugal and England which saved the rogue state from extinction.

After the Reformation, Spain almost went bankrupt financing the Spanish Armada in order to force England to return to Rome!!

Queen Philippa is called the mother of the Portuguese Empire. She was the mother of the so-called Henry the Navigator who should have been called Henry the Pirate!!

Official Chronology of Salvador Fernandes Zarco a.k.a. Christopher Columbus!!

DATE
EVENT
About 1436
Portuguese Salvador Fernandez Zarco a.k.a. Christopher Columbus is born in Cuba, Portugal.
1479
Zarco/Columbus marries a Portuguese lady of royal birth named Doña Felipa Perestrello. She is the daughter of one of the discoverers of the 2 Madeira Islands.
1486
After surviving a horrific hurricane that blew their ship all the way to the island of Santo Domingo in the New World, Alonso Sánchez the pilot and 4 Spanish sailors are shipwrecked on the island of Madeira . . . and they all die in the house of Columbus....He steals the maps and charts showing the location of the New World....Columbus approaches the king of Portugal in order to finance his voyage of "discovery" but the king refuses to meet his demands. Columbus's wife Doña Felipa also dies mysteriously leaving him with a 5 year old son, Diego.
1487
Columbus arrives in Spain and he presents his great idea for the "discovery" of new islands to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. They are busy fighting the Moors and they also refuse to meet his demands.
1492
After receiving minute details of the voyages of John Cabot, the Latin sovereigns decide to give Columbus all the titles and money that he demanded....Using the dead pilot's maps to guide him, he sets sail on August 3 with 3 ships: the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa María. Martin Pinzón, captain of the Niña, is first to land on Santo Domingo!!
1493
In March, only the Niña and the Pinta return to Spain because Columbus wrecks his ship the Santa María. Before going to Barcelona to meet the King and Queen, Martin Pinzón invites Columbus to stay at his house . . . and he dies a few days later....Pope Alexander VI–a Spanish Pope–issues a Papal Bull (official Vatican document) giving the entire New World to Spain and warning every other nation not to even think about going there!!
1498
On his 3rd voyage, Columbus finally reaches the coast of Venezuela and sees the New World mainland for the first time— 4 years after John Cabot. By this time, the news of the shipwrecked Spanish sailors is everywhere so Columbus decides to get revenge by killing and enslaving the New World natives....The Spanish Inquisition was also very anxious to occupy and set up forts on the islands and mainland in order to attack any Portuguese or English ships that appeared.
1502
Columbus leaves Spain on his 4th voyage to the New World.
1504
He arrives back in Spain a total failure after losing 2 ships.
1506
Columbus dies of old age in Valladolid, Spain, on May 20, 1506. No living portrait of Columbus exists. The only portrait that is supposed to be close to his likeness is the one in the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid.


Vital Links

The Bull Romanus Pontifex

Royal Commentaries of the Incas

Comentarios Reales De Los Incas


References

Barreto, Mascarenhas. The Portuguese Columbus: Secret Agent of King John II. (Translated from Portuguese by Reginald Brown), St. Martin's Press, New York, 1992.

Bown, Stephen R. 1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half. St. Martin's Press, New York, 2012.

Catz, Rebecca. Christopher Columbus and the Portuguese, (1476-1498). Greenwood Press, Westport, CT., 1993.

Marques, António Henrique R. de Oliveira. History of Portugal. (in 2 volumes). Columbia University Press, New York, 1972.

Miller, Richard Roscoe, LL. B. Slavery and Catholicism. North State Publishers, Durham, North Carolina, 1957. (An EXCELLENT source of information on the Roman Catholic origin of Old World and New World slavery).

Irving, Washington. The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Belford Company Publishers, New York. 1836.

Taviani, Emilio Paolo. Christopher Columbus, The Grand Design. Orbis Publishing Ltd., London, 1985.

Vega, Garcilaso de la, El Inca. Royal Commentaries of the Incas. 2 volumes, University of Texas Press, 1966.


Copyright © 2015 by Patrick Scrivener


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